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Long time Residents of Kalaupapa, Ben Pea and David Kupele Stading near the site of the Baldwin Home, where they lived until it was closed in 1932 Bungarun (former Derby Leprosarium) Cemetary Memorial Mamoru Kunimoto at Homecoming Hill, Tama Zenshoen National Hansen’s Disease Sanatorium, Japan Church in Sighisoara, Romania, with a pulpit built on the exterior where the people with leprosy were not allowed in the church The interior of St. Jørgen’s Hospital, Bergen, Norway House of Ivan Skelton, Qual Island, New Zealand S.K. Jung (right) and M.W. Park in front of the monument to commemorate the lives of the 84 people who were killed on Sorok Island Leprosy Garveyard, Tracadie-Sheila, New Brunswick, Canada Chang Wen Bin resident of Lo Sheng, Taiwan, under the beams in the old hospital where people would hang themselves

Historic Monument Related to Leprosy, Sighisoara, Romania

Leprosy Museum and Graveyard, Tracadie-Sheila, New  Brunswick, Canada

Robben Island, South Africa

Kalaupapa National Historical Park, Hawaii

National Hansen’s Disease Center Museum, Carville, Louisiana, USA

Tama Zensho-en and other H.D. Sanatoria, Japan

Quail Island, New Zealand 

Culion, Philippines

Tichilesti Hospital, Romania

Sungai Buloh, Malaysia

Bungarun Cemetery Memorial, Australia

Sorok Island, South Korea

Lo Sheng Sanatorium, Taiwan

Leprosy Museum, St. Jørgen’s Hospital, Bergen, Norway

Kalaupapa National Historical Park, Hawaii
The first 12 people were sent to the Makanalua peninsula, commonly referred to as Kalaupapa, on January 6, 1866. They would be followed by an estimated 8,000 more people, at least 90% of whom were native Hawaiians, who were separated from their families because they had leprosy. It was not part of the Hawaiian culture to separate those who were sick so, when allowed, many family members went along to Kalaupapa as mea kokua (helpers).

The sulfone drugs, the first cure for leprosy, were discovered in 1941 and introduced to Kalaupapa in 1946. In 1949, forced separation at Kalaupapa was stopped and individuals were provided with the alternative of living at Hale Mohalu, a residential treatment facility near Honolulu. Between 1949 and 1969, only 40 people were sent to Kalaupapa. In 1969, Hawaii’s century-old isolation policy was officially abandoned.

In 1982, the U.S. Congress designated Kalaupapa as a National Historical Park for the education and inspiration of present and future generations. This designation ensured the right of the last residents of Kalaupapa to live out their lives in this, their home. At the same time, it was an official recognition of the significance of Kalaupapa’s history to Hawaii, the United States, and the world.